However要怎麼用?有哪些同義詞?

小檔案

英文原文

However

中文翻譯

然而、究竟如何、無論如何、不管怎樣

文法概念

副詞連接詞

However單字概述與用法:

However的語意跟用法有三種:

  • 副詞:語意是然而、但是。出現在句首時,其後要打逗號,是轉換詞的一種,表示其後語意跟前面的敘述是不同的,前面敘述正面,後面就是反面的,反之亦然,而作者想要強調的重點在however所在的句子或其後的一整個敘述,前面只是鋪陳而已。它也可以出現在句中跟句尾,要用逗號將however跟句子隔開。
  • 疑問副詞:究竟如何(做到的),用法跟6W疑問詞一樣,放在句子的前面
  • 連接詞:語意是不管怎樣、無論如何,可用來連接兩個句子。用法跟語意等於no matter how,後面可以直接接句子(主詞跟動詞),或是先接上形容詞或副詞,再接句子,構成副詞子句,再用逗號與主要句子隔開即可。如果however的句子在後面,就可以不用逗號(跟副詞子句一樣)。

請注意:因為however可以當連接詞,很多人沒注意到,當however是副詞時,放在句首時,不能只用逗號來連接兩個句子,要分成兩句,或用分號還是其他的連接詞才可以連接兩句。

However當連接詞的例句:
You can do it however you like.
你想怎麼做都可以
However hard I tried, I couldn’t find my ring.
不管我怎麼努力找,我都找不到我的戒指 (請注意,兩句中間用逗號隔開)
However當轉換詞的例句:
He had practiced basketball so hard for the try-out; however, he didn’t make it.
他為了那選拔賽努力練習籃球,但是,結果沒被選上(請注意分號)

副詞:然而、但是

例句:

  1. It is necessary to let your parents know, however.
    然而,你還是應該讓你的父母知道這件事 (請注意標點符號)
  2. Few teenagers, however, are willing to go shopping with their parents.
    青少年很少願意跟父母一起去逛街 (請注意標點符號)
  3. She had a high fever and felt very tired. However, she studied for the test until very late.
    她發著高燒,又覺得很累。然而,她還是努力讀書,準備考試到很晚 (請注意標點符號)
  4. He knew it was going to rain; however, he didn’t bother to bring an umbrella.
    他知道就要下雨了,但是,他還是沒帶雨傘出門 (請注意標點符號)

同義詞:

  • nevertheless 不過、儘管如此 adv.
  • nonetheless 然而、但是 adv.
  • but 但是 conj. 注意:雖然語意相同,but是連接詞
  • yet 然而、儘管 conj. 注意:雖然語意相同,yet是連接詞
  • although 雖然 conj. 注意although是連接詞,還有although連接的句子是作者鋪陳的部分

疑問副詞:究竟如何

例句:

  1. However did you make him come?
    你究竟如何讓他來的?
  2. However will you accomplish the project on such a tight (small) budget?
    你要怎樣用這麼少的預算完成這個企劃?

連接詞:無論如何、不管怎樣

常見搭配詞:

  • however + 副詞
  • however + 形容詞

例句:

  1. However I tried to explain it, my mother still couldn’t understand it.
    不管我如何解釋,我媽媽就是不懂 (請注意標點符號)
  2. However messy she is, she can’t compete with her brother. He is even messier.
    不管她多邋遢,都無法跟她哥哥比,她哥哥更邋遢 (請注意標點符號)
  3. He let his daughter draw on the wall however she wanted.
    他讓他的女兒在牆上畫畫,怎樣畫都可以
  4. However hard she tried, she failed.
    不管她多麼努力嘗試,她還是失敗了 (請注意標點符號)

同義詞:

  • no matter how 無論如何、不管怎樣

衍生字:

  • how 如何 adv.
目錄

However的使用頻率

從Google Ngram Viewer的數據可以看到,自1800年到2019年的在的219年間,However的使用頻率狀況,在2019年所出版的書籍中,每一百萬個字中,就會有210.7個字是However。

Citation

  • Audio: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pronunciation/english/However
  • Word Frequency: Google Ngram Viewer